Vaccinations are making the front page of several world newspapers. The USA Today reports that nearly one in seven public and private school children, in the USA, have measles vaccination rates below 90%. (These statistics were acquired through the analysis of immunization rates of 13 states according the USA Today.)
Dr. Paul Carson, Director of Infection Prevention at Sanford Health, states "that you need 90 to 95 percent of the children immunized to get what we call herd immunity". Herd immunity, in simple terms, refers to a community having enough "immunity" that a disease shouldn't become endemic or spread.
According to the Advisory Board Company the percentage of the States MMR vaccinations rates are listed below:
States with high vaccination rates
1. Mississippi (99.9%)
2. Maryland (98.2%)
3. South Dakota (97.9%)
4. Texas (97.5%)
5. Wyoming (97.5%)
States with low vaccination rates
1. Colorado (85.7%)
2. Arkansas (85.9%)
3. Pennsylvania (87%)
4. Idaho (89%)
5. North Dakota (89.9%)
*The CDC reports:"High vaccination coverage levels at the national and state levels might mask clustering of unvaccinated children at local levels where vaccine-preventable diseases might be transmitted."
Vaccination: is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate a person's immune system to develop antibodies against a particular pathogen.
Immunization: is the process by which a person's immune system makes the body's defenses able to withstand an infection with a particular pathogen or antigen.