October 24, 2015 is World Polio Day!
Volunteers4Humanity - Providing free medical and dental care worldwide.
RSS Follow Become a Fan

Delivered by FeedBurner

Recent Posts

Weather Gone Wild
World Suicide Prevention Day
Anaphylaxis from a Wasp Sting
Antibiotics and the meat we eat
Sepsis and Multiorgan Failure


415-Bed Lira Hospital serves 4 million people
DC Circle of Friends
Volunteer Update


September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013

powered by

Blog for Volunteers4Humanity

October 24, 2015 is World Polio Day!

Poliomyelitis or more commonly known as "polio" is caused by the poliovirus. The infectious disease is specific to humans and is highly contagious. While polio can be prevented, there is no cure for polio. The CDC writes, "most people infected with the polio virus have no symptoms; however, for the less than 1% who develop paralysis it may result in permanent disability and even death."

With the discovery and global implementation of both Dr. Jonas Salk's inactivated poliovirus vaccine in 1955 (IPV) and Dr. Albert Sabin's oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) in 1962, polio has been eradicated from most of the world.  Due to the worldwide participation in polio vaccination programs, the incidence of new cases of polio went from an estimated 350,000 cases in 1988 to a mere 223 cases in 2012.  Those countries contributing cases include Afghanistan, Pakistan, IndiaNigeria, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.    

On May 26, 2012, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative developed The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013–2018. Their endpoint was to eliminate poliomyelitis from the Earth. Today, polio remains endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Key facts on Polio from the World Health Organization 2015
*Polio (poliomyelitis) mainly affects children under five years of age.
*One in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis. Among those paralyzed, 5% to 10% die when their breathing muscles become immobilized.
*Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases then, to 359 reported cases in 2014. 
*The reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.
*Today, only two countries (Afghanistan and Pakistan) remain polio-endemic, down from more than 125 in 1988.
*As long as a single child remains infected, children in all countries are at risk of contracting polio.  Failure to eradicate polio from these last remaining strongholds could result in as many as 200, 000 new cases every year, within ten years, all over the world.
*In most countries, the global effort has expanded capacities to tackle other infectious diseases by building effective surveillance and immunization systems. ‪#‎WorldPolioDay‬ ‪@‎CDC‬ ‪@‎polio‬‪ @vaccinationschedule @salkinstitute ‪@salkinstitute ‪@worldpolioday‬ @polioeradicationinitiative‬ 

0 Comments to October 24, 2015 is World Polio Day!:

Comments RSS

Add a Comment

Your Name:
Email Address: (Required)
Make your text bigger, bold, italic and more with HTML tags. We'll show you how.
Post Comment